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徐谦与国民革命中的司法党化
作者:李在全    时间:2011-12-28
中文摘要:
  国民革命中,司法逐渐被纳入国民党党国体制之中,开始“国民党化”。倡导者徐谦认为,司法是政治的一部分,必须党化、革命。司法党化有利于动员民众参与革命运动,但负面作用也很多。随着徐谦政治地位的丧失,其主导的司法党化步入“绝境”,不过许多理念与举措被后来者继承。国民革命中以党化为主旨的司法变革,改变了清末以来中国司法的走向,可谓中国近代司法史的转捩时期。 关键词:徐谦 司法党化 国民革命 国民党
英文摘要:
  During the period of the National Revolution, the judiciary was gradually incorporated into the KMT party-state system, beginning the process of rendering the judiciary an arm of the Party (国民党化). Xu Qian, the proponent of the process, argued that since the judiciary was a part of politics, it must be revolutionized and politicized. Although it was conducive to mobilizing public participation in the revolutionary movement, this process had many negative effects. Once Xu Qian lost his political status, the process he had led came to a dead end, but many of his ideas and initiatives were inherited by those who came after him. Judicial reform aimed at making the judiciary into an arm of the Party during the National Revolution period changed the direction in which Chinese justice had been developing since the late Qing dynasty; hence it can be described as a turning point in modern China’s judicial history.
 
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