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京房的《易》阴阳灾异论
作者:陈侃理    时间:2011-12-28
中文摘要:
  京房的《易》阴阳灾异论在中国古代灾异学说史上占有重要地位,它所依据的卦气说属于《易》阴阳之学的一种,学术渊源可以上溯至西汉中前期。京房将数术占验之学与《易》结合起来,使他的灾异论具有较为明确的规则和方法,比董仲舒的理论更为学理化。虽然京房灾异论数术色彩浓重,但他的灾异预言和预言灾异都服务于一定的政治信念和政治理想,京氏所著《易传》的内容也表现出鲜明的儒家价值取向。京房的灾异论以“儒学为体,数术为用”,属于灾异论的儒学传统,具有与董仲舒以及刘向、刘歆父子相一致的儒家立场和追求。 关键词:京房 灾异 易传 卦气说
英文摘要:
  Jing Fang's Yijing-based yinyang calamity theory has an important position in the history of ancient Chinese theories about portentous events. The guaqi (卦气) theory on which it is based falls into the category of yinyang, an academic school whose origins can be traced back to the early and mid Western Han Dynasty. The fact that he combines shushu (数术), astrology and the art of divination means that Jing Fang’s calamity theory has clearer rules and methods and a stronger theoretical basis than that of Dong Zhongshu. Although it was strongly tinged with shushu, Jing Fang’s predictions of calamities and activities all served certain political beliefs and ideals, and the contents of his work Yi Zhuan (易传) shows a distinct orientation toward Confucian values. Jing Fang’s theory, which takes “Confucianism as the basis and shushu as the application”, belongs to the Confucian school of calamity theory, and is similar to that of Dong Zhongshu, Liu Xiang and his son Liu Xin in terms of its Confucian position and aims.
 
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