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作者:日本学刊    时间:2015-03-30 16:55

Exploring the Studies of Japanese History in Heisei Era

Liu Xiaofeng

From the perspective of historical periodization, the Heisei era should be regarded as one independent historical period. That way of periodization not only meets the need of observing the historical reality with more accuracy, but also conforms to the intrinsic logic of the development of Japanese history and society. The Heisei era marked the end of the Cold War, the burst of the bubble economy and the modernization of the rest of the East Asian region. In the context  Japanese society in the Heisei era has developed under a new set of historical conditions, giving rise to a series of changes and new characteristics. The “kata”, or the formation of contemporary Japanese society, which was formulated during the successful development of post-war Japanese society in the latter half of the Showa era, is now under various newly-emerged pressure and constantly in the process of dramatic changes in the Heisei era. “Pressure” and “the change of  formation” constitute as the two new theme of the development of Japanese history and society. With the new way of periodization, studies of Japanese history in Heisei era is proposed and can be seen as  a new framework to interdisciplinary studies of contemporary Japanese politics, economy and culture.

The Factor of the Electoral System in Japanese Overall Conservatism

Lyu Yaodong

The dominance of traditional conservative party LDP  is established on the basis of the advantagous position of the single member electoral districts within the single member electoral districts and proportional representation electoral system. The dominance of traditional conservative party LDP is established on the basis of the advantagous position of the single member electoral districts within the single member electoral districts and proportional representation electoral system.Having gained dominance in the election,LDP accelerates its progress of historal revionism and constitutional amendment. The seats of socialist party in the Diet have decreased dramatically, which resulted in the weakness of leftist revolutionary parties to counter the rise of political conservatism. there has been a growing trend of political conservatism reflected by the growing similarity of DPJ policy with that of LDP, the strengthening ruling party position of Komeito Party and the rise of rightist parties such as Japan Restoration Party and Party for Next Generations.  The electoral system is the cause of  the growth of power of conservative parties and the weakening of leftist revolutionary parties and opposition parties, changing the fundamental  political environment and make dominance of political conservatism in Japan a constant phenomenon.

The Political and Economic Analysis on Japan's National Security Strategic Choice: Based on the Balance of Power Theory

Cui Jian

Since Japan has utilized economic power primarily to safeguard national security for a long time, the impact of economic factors cannot be ignored when the balance of power theory is adopted to analyze Japan's national security strategy. Economic factors have played an important role in the changes in Japan's national security strategy in the postwar period. Economic balance is a main manifestation of the two sides of Japan's national security strategy in a unipolar system. In the meanwhile, the economic means to maintain economic security also plays an important role in the implementation of Japan’s national security strategy. Currently, a majority of changes in Japan's national security strategy are designed against China. Therefore, there will be a lot of inspiration when economic factors are taken into consideration in analyzing Japan’s national security strategic in the framework of balance of power theory.

The Economic Effects of Japan’s Consumption Tax Increase

Jin Renshu

Japan's consumption tax has gone through three reforms on tax increases from scratch. The purposes of these reforms are to guarantee the increasing social pension expenditures, build sound finance and promote economic growth. However, according to the history test on economic effect of consumption tax reforms, it can be find that the previous reforms of Japan’s consumption tax increase play positive effects on stimulating consumption and economic growth in the short term, but cause bad consequences of consumption further downturn, economy overall decline and financial burden more serious in medium to long term. Because the fundamental reason for tax increases is the deep structural contradiction of Japanese politics, economy, finance and social. The consumption tax increase reform implemented by Abe government will also be difficult to achieve the targets of curbing deflation, improving financial difficulties, and stimulating economic growth. And only the measures of accelerating economic structural reforms, improving labor productivity and adopting different strategies can increase the consumption tax revenue and achieve the target of sound finance.

Structural Reforms in Abenomics

Chen Youjun

Since the collapse of Japan’s bubble economies, structural reforms have been viewed as the effective prescription to the weak economic recovery. Abe administration, took power in the end of 2012, has also realized the importance of the structural reforms and tried to carry out reforms from two levels: economics and institutions. In spite of the highlights, due to the inherent defects, the reforms have been restricted by traditional political and economic operating system. That’s why the structural reforms of Abenomics have not achieved expected results. Moreover, the failure of the reforms exposes some existing structural drawbacks, such as the compromising policies and limited market, in Japanese economy.

Networked Development of Japanese Foreign Direct Investment and Enlightenment from the Perspective of Global Production Network

Su Hang

With the development of Global Value Chain, production of goods has been made by different countries instead of one country, Which links separate regional production networks into global production network. Under the background of global production network, Japanese foreign direct investment has achieved great progress in investment scale and field. At the firm level, with the change of sourcing-sale pattern of overseas affiliates, Japanese foreign direct investment is demonstrating a trend of networked development. So far, Chinese foreign direct investment has been increasing significantly. Chinese firms should make a good study of Japanese networked FDI and take steps such as continuing industry advantage by FDI, promoting localization of foreign affiliates and embedding positively into regional production network.

The Study of the Japan’s Governance for Okinawa in the Early Period of Occupation

Li Ruoyu

The Japan’s annexation of Okinawa was the prelude to its territory expansion in modern time. The absence of legitimacy of this annexation not only demonstrated in the process of so call Ryukyu annexation”(琉球处分),but also embody in cruel oppression against Okinawa people. From the view of political history, the investigation of governance situation could support us to understand the colonial rule of Japan in-depth. In order to prevent the restriction of domestic laws, colonial authorities carried out the policy of preserving the old customs (旧惯温存)  to delay local modernization through keeping the feudalism of Okinawa. The policy of preserving the old customs exposed intrinsic characteristics of Japan’s colonial system. The political characteristics of its colonial rule reveal the truth so call unified national could be considered as the first step of its foreign invasion. 

Review and Prospect of the Study on Sino-Japanese Cultural History: A Random Talk on Academic History

Liu Yuebing

As an interdisciplinary field, the study on Sino-Japanese cultural history has made substantial achievements and considerable progress since the period of the Republic of China. Summarizing the academic history of it systematically has important theoretical and practical significance for promoting the development of this field. This paper analysises and summarizes the concept and method, especially the current situation and issues of Sino-Japanese cultural history indetail, explains the importance of balancing the politics and academics in concrete cases, and emphasizes that to sort out and analyze the historical data to discover the truth are still the urgent matter in the study of Sino-Japanese cultural history in the future.

 
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