您现在的位置:首页 > 期刊目录 > 2011年 > 第六期 【关闭本页】
 
身后损害的法律拟制——穿越生死线的民法机理
作者:税兵    时间:2011-12-13
中文摘要:
  近代以降,人格、权利与利益等基本的法哲学范畴均以具有生命的自然人为描摹对象,形成传统民法的“现世性”特征,身后损害问题长期游离于法律的边缘地带。死者利益是一个复杂的综合体,与道德、习俗及社会政策纠结在一起,立于其后的解释论机理是法律拟制。文本分析表明,中国司法实践中关于身后损害案件的裁判立场徘徊反复,引发死亡赔偿金性质、死者近亲属精神损害赔偿、涉坟纠纷等具体问题的理论纷争。为遵循内在体系的逻辑要求,正在起草的中国民法典应采“最不坏”的法益保护模式,以此构建相应的制度规则。
英文摘要:
  In modern history, personality, rights, interests and other such basic categories of legal philosophy unanimously take living natural persons as the subject of discussion, giving rise to the “temporality” of traditional civil law and the longstanding marginalization of the issue of posthumous harm. As a complex synthesis interweaving morality, customs and social policy, posthumous interests are approached in accordance with the principle of legal fiction. Textual analysis shows that inconsistencies in China’s practical judgments on posthumous harm have induced theoretical disputes over the nature of compensation for loss of life, compensation to the next of kin for mental harm, fights over grave and other specific issues. To accord with the logic of its own system, the civil code being drafted should adopt the “least worst” mode of protection of legal interests and establish corresponding institutional rules.
 
编辑风采  |  关于我们  |  合作专区  |   加入收藏  | 审稿
 
您是本站第 位访客
版权所有 ©2010 中国社会科学杂志社
 
 
地址:北京市朝阳区光华路15号院1号楼泰达时代中心11—12层
中国社会科学杂志社
邮政编码:100026
总 编 室 Tel:(010)85886569 E-mail:zbs_zzs@cass.org.cn
事业发展部 事业发展中心  Tel:(010)85885198