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文化资本与社会地位获得——基于上海市的实证研究
作者:仇立平 肖日葵    时间:2011-12-13
中文摘要:
  文化资本是影响个人教育获得和社会地位获得的重要因素。基于2008年上海市社会结构调查数据,从广义文化资本出发,分别测量父母和子女文化资本对地位获得的作用。研究发现:父母和子女文化资本存量越高,子女受教育年限越长;子女文化资本对地位获得具有显著影响;在控制性别、父亲职业等变量后,文化资本越多,越有可能进入更高阶层;教育、家庭文化氛围和文化投资对地位获得具有持续且稳定的作用;文化资本是社会下层实现向上流动的有效手段。
英文摘要:
  Cultural capital plays an important role in individuals’ educational and status attainment. On the basis of data from the Shanghai Social Structure Survey of 2008 and from the perspective of cultural capital, broadly defined, this paper measures the role of the cultural capital of parents and children in the acquisition of social status. The findings are as follows: (1) Higher stocks of cultural capital on the part of parents and children means more years of education for children. (2) Children’s cultural capital has significant influence on their status attainment. (3) Controlling for variables like gender and father’s occupation, the greater one’s cultural capital one has, the greater the likelihood of entering a higher stratum. (4) A family’s education, cultural atmosphere and cultural investment have a continuous and stable impact on status attainment. (5) Cultural capital provides an effective way for the lower strata of society to achieve upward social mobility.
 
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