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中国现代文学史的阐释框架
作者:罗宏梅 周帆    时间:2011-12-13
中文摘要:
  一部文学史即是一种文学的阐释形态。因此,从“阐释框架”入手,可更好地理解和反思既有文学史得以形成的依据。综观近百年林林总总的中国现代文学史著述,主要有以“政治”和“审美”为本位建构的两类阐释框架。前者产生于20世纪50年代,它侧重于从政治角度阐释中国现代文学,突显政治对文学转型的主导作用;后者在20世纪八九十年代出现,它以“去政治话语”、突显文学的审美属性为特征。两类阐释框架各有特点,各自切合了文学内涵之一端,但也不可避免地存在局限。由此可引发我们关于建构“文学本位”文学史阐释框架的思考。
英文摘要:
  A history of literature is a form of interpreting literature. Therefore, an “interpretative framework” provides a good means of understanding and reflecting on the foundation upon which existing histories of literature came into being. The various writings about the history of modern Chinese literature over nearly a century are based on two major interpretive frameworks, centered respectively on “politics” and “aesthetics.” Originating in the 1950s, the former framework prefers to explain modern Chinese literature from the perspective of politics and highlights the dominant role of politics in literary transformation. The latter approach emerged in the 1980s1990s and is characterized by its depoliticizing discourse and emphasis on the aesthetic traits of literature. Each has its merits and each deals with part of literature, but inevitably each also has limitations. Against this background, we may need to establish an interpretative framework centered on literature itself.
 
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